C++ programming language is one of the most commonly utilized general-purpose programming languages.
C++ was engineered for system development, resource constraining, embedding and large systems. Its design highlights included cross-platforming, performance, flexibility and efficiency. C++ can be found in desktop applications, servers and unique applications like space probes and telephone switches.
A Danish computer scientist, Bjarne Stroustrup, first became motivated to create a new language while working on his thesis. He was utilizing Simula. He felt the platform had strong potential in software development, but was too slow. On the other hand, BCPL was faster but too low level for software development.
While working at AT&T Bell Labs, Stroustrup was reminded of his thesis conflict while analyzing a UNIX kernel in relation to distributed computing. That led Stroustrup to incorporate elements of Simula into the original C language. His goal was to create a general purpose, portable and fast platform that could be widely used. Besides C and Simula, other influences included Ada, ALGOL 68, ML and CLU.
The resulting platform was originally called “C with Classes.” In 1983, it was renamed C++. C++ programming language had features such as virtual functions, operation overload, function naming, constants, references, memory allocation, improved type checks and a BCPL-inspired single line commenting with forward slashes, as well as Cfront.
C++ was officially released in October 1983.
Major Applications for C++
Every aspect of C++ programming language is recognized for its design in performance. A C macro is as fast as a C++ inline function. It can perform significant computations. It has basic operations with template mechanisms that make C++ the choice for performance-critical operation.
Large programs require big assembly, but C++ takes large tasks and creates them in pieces that aren’t necessarily big and complex. C++ allows complexity, but makes processes accessible to users who might not have a high level of experience in building libraries. STL is a great example. It is built on advanced designs with simplified interfaces.
Advice for Learning C++
Once learned, C++ is simple enough. But it is a big language with a tremendous amount of information to compile before it can be used effectively. Start with basics like variables, functions, operators and flow control. Learn how to create objects and call members. Get the concepts behind exception-safe code, namespacing and instantiate templates. Study both good and bad code. Expect to put a lot of time into the venture.
C++ programming language is as vital today as it was 30 years ago. Game developers rely on the language extensively, especially in base engines like Unreal, Unity and Stingray. C++ programming language is also a go-to for maintaining and embedding systems. Google uses the language almost exclusively in their search engine coding and to study algorithms, according to Forbes. There are even programming languages that were originally written in C++. Learning it today will definitely be beneficial tomorrow.
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Used in complex operation systems and microcontrollers decades after its introduction is an impressive achievement in a world where tech can be obsolete in six months. C++ remains a go-to for developers for its reliability, flexibility and versatility. Recognized for that, it is quite likely C++ programming language will be around decades from now.